How to automate MySQL backups with a .bat file on a Windows server. Typically we have used the backup facility built into MySQL administrator, which unfortunately has now reached end of life. While it worked well it had some major shortcomings. For example once you created a scheduled backup it would only include the databases you told it to at the time of creation. Well, if you are like us and you constantly add new databases the new ones simply wouldn’t be backed up, Annoying. What replaced MySQL administrator? Enter the new MySQL Workbench. Great tool save one missing feature, they decided to no longer support scheduled MySQL backups.
Obviously there are lots of scripts out there and easier solutions for linux based systems. The only windows solutions seemed to use php which seemed overly complex, relied on unnecessary systems that could fail, and introduced security concerns when you could use a simple batch file with a few lines of code to accomplish the same task. I had little luck Googling solutions on how to backup all the databases individually, zip them into one file, and delete the older archives so I sat down and wrote my own batch file. It was so useful to us that I feel compelled to share it with others. It should work on any version of windows x86 or x64 and any version of MySQL.
Platforms Tested: Windows 2008 R2 x64 En with MySQL 5.5.x, Windows 2012 Server with MySQL 5.6.x, Windows 2012R2 with MySQL 5.7.x (x64)
Basic Troubleshooting tips:
To save you some time I zipped up all the necessary files including the 7zip.exe app with the folder structure to match the batch file. Simply unzip and update your specific paths in the .bat file and you’re done.
Here is a quick look at the .bat file:
:: Auto MySQL Backup For Windows Servers By Matt Moeller v.1.5 :: RED OLIVE INC. - www.redolive.com :: Follow us on twitter for updates to this script twitter.com/redolivedesign :: coming soon: email admin a synopsis of the backup with total file size(s) and time it took to execute :: FILE HISTORY ---------------------------------------------- :: UPDATE 11.7.2012 Added setup all folder paths into variables at the top of the script to ease deployment :: UPDATE 7.16.2012 Added --routines, fix for dashes in filename, and fix for regional time settings :: UPDATE 3.30.2012 Added error logging to help troubleshoot databases backup errors. --log-error="c:\MySQLBackups\backupfiles\dumperrors.txt" :: UPDATE 12.29.2011 Added time bug fix and remote FTP options - Thanks to Kamil Tomas :: UPDATE 5.09.2011 v 1.0 :: If the time is less than two digits insert a zero so there is no space to break the filename :: If you have any regional date/time issues call this include: getdate.cmd credit: Simon Sheppard for this cmd - untested :: call getdate.cmd set year=%DATE:~10,4% set day=%DATE:~7,2% set mnt=%DATE:~4,2% set hr=%TIME:~0,2% set min=%TIME:~3,2% IF %day% LSS 10 SET day=0%day:~1,1% IF %mnt% LSS 10 SET mnt=0%mnt:~1,1% IF %hr% LSS 10 SET hr=0%hr:~1,1% IF %min% LSS 10 SET min=0%min:~1,1% set backuptime=%year%-%day%-%mnt%-%hr%-%min% echo %backuptime% :: SETTINGS AND PATHS :: Note: Do not put spaces before the equal signs or variables will fail :: Name of the database user with rights to all tables set dbuser=root :: Password for the database user set dbpass=youradminpassword :: Error log path - Important in debugging your issues set errorLogPath="c:\MySQLBackups\backupfiles\dumperrors.txt" :: MySQL EXE Path set mysqldumpexe="C:\Program Files\MySQL\MySQL Server 5.5\bin\mysqldump.exe" :: Error log path set backupfldr=c:\MySQLBackups\backupfiles\ :: Path to data folder which may differ from install dir set datafldr="C:\ProgramData\MySQL\MySQL Server 5.5\data" :: Path to zip executable set zipper="c:\MySQLBackups\zip\7za.exe" :: Number of days to retain .zip backup files set retaindays=5 :: DONE WITH SETTINGS :: GO FORTH AND BACKUP EVERYTHING! :: Switch to the data directory to enumerate the folders pushd %datafldr% echo "Pass each name to mysqldump.exe and output an individual .sql file for each" :: Thanks to Radek Dolezel for adding the support for dashes in the db name :: Added --routines thanks for the suggestion Angel :: turn on if you are debugging @echo off FOR /D %%F IN (*) DO ( IF NOT [%%F]==[performance_schema] ( SET %%F=!%%F:@002d=-! %mysqldumpexe% --user=%dbuser% --password=%dbpass% --databases --routines --log-error=%errorLogPath% %%F > "%backupfldr%%%F.%backuptime%.sql" ) ELSE ( echo Skipping DB backup for performance_schema ) ) echo "Zipping all files ending in .sql in the folder" :: .zip option clean but not as compressed %zipper% a -tzip "%backupfldr%FullBackup.%backuptime%.zip" "%backupfldr%*.sql" echo "Deleting all the files ending in .sql only" del "%backupfldr%*.sql" echo "Deleting zip files older than 30 days now" Forfiles -p %backupfldr% -s -m *.* -d -%retaindays% -c "cmd /c del /q @path" ::FOR THOSE WHO WISH TO FTP YOUR FILE UNCOMMENT THESE LINES AND UPDATE - Thanks Kamil for this addition! ::cd\[path to directory where your file is saved] ::@echo off ::echo user [here comes your ftp username]>ftpup.dat ::echo [here comes ftp password]>>ftpup.dat ::echo [optional line; you can put "cd" command to navigate through the folders on the ftp server; eg. cd\folder1\folder2]>>ftpup.dat ::echo binary>>ftpup.dat ::echo put [file name comes here; eg. FullBackup.%backuptime%.zip]>>ftpup.dat ::echo quit>>ftpup.dat ::ftp -n -s:ftpup.dat [insert ftp server here; eg. myserver.com] ::del ftpup.dat echo "done" ::return to the main script dir on end popd
This script is free to use and update as needed. All we ask is that you like us on Facebook as a thanks.